Document Type: Short Review Article


1 Department of Chemistry, G. M. Vedak College of Science, Tala 402 111, University of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

2 Department of Chemistry, Arts, Science and Commerce College, Surgana, 422211, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Maharashtra, India.

3 Department of Chemistry, Sanjivani Arts, Commerce and Science College, Kopargaon 423 603, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Maharashtra, India.

4 Department of Chemistry, KKHA Arts, SMGL Commerce and SPHJ Science College, Chandwad, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Maharashtra 423 101, India.

5 Department of Chemistry, S.N. Arts, D.J.M. Comm. and B.N.S. Science College, Sangamner 422 605, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Maharashtra, India.


Development of reliable and environmentally gracious routes for the fabrication of metal oxide nanoparticles is a crucial step in nano-biotechnology. Among the all zirconia nanoparticles (ZrO2 NPs) draws more attention due to its significant biocompatible, electrical, mechanical, and optical properties. Many natural biomolecules in plant extracts such as alkaloids, amino acids, enzymes, proteins, polysaccharides, polyphenols, steroid, and vitamins could be involved in bioreduction, formation, and stabilization of ZrO2 NPs. In the last decade, numerous efforts were made to develop ecofriendly methods of synthesis to avoid the hazardous byproducts. In this review, green synthesis of ZrO2 NPs, their characterization techniques, and miscellaneous applications were discussed.

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